Acne may seem like a simple medical problem, but it can be challenging to treat because the cause is usually unknown. For treatment to be effective, you need to know what is causing your acne breakouts in the first place. The problem is most sufferers are not aware that there are two forms of acne. Treatment through trial and error could produce results, but it is often far from permanent, and acne breakouts continue to occur. So what is the difference between hormonal and cystic acne? Let’s take a look at the differences between the two conditions and how you can treat each.
Hormonal acne is caused by fluctuations in body hormones over a period of 30 days. When there is an increase in testosterone and a decrease in estrogen, the human body responds to the hormonal imbalance by stimulating the skin to produce more oils. Overproduction of oils causes congestion within the pores, creating the perfect conditions for acne-causing bacteria. This hormonal imbalance occurs at all ages in both men and women. For women, a clear sign that their acne is due to a hormonal imbalance is when it coincides with their period.
How To Treat Hormonal Acne
Treating hormonal acne with ordinary acne products may not work. So how should you treat hormonal acne?
Phytoestrogen is a plant-based hormone that can correct the skin’s overproduction of oils without entering the bloodstream. It helps eliminate oil and bacteria. There are lots of products that contain phytoestrogen as well as foods like seeds, beans, grains, and soy products.
2. Start Taking Contraceptive Pills
You can start taking contraceptive pills if you have hormonal acne as it can help balance your body’s hormones. Your doctor should prescribe this to you if a hormonal imbalance is the root cause of your acne.
3. Routine Skincare
One of the most effective ways of treating acne is through skin care. Washing your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser will go a long way in setting your skin right.
Cystic acne can be caused by clogged pores, cleansers, humidity, make-up, and other factors. Unlike hormonal acne, cystic acne can be problematic at any time, and not just during your period. Cystic acne is a direct skin condition that requires specialized acne treatment.
How To Treat Cystic Acne
1. Regular Exfoliation
Gently exfoliate your skin every few days. Gentle exfoliation will help remove acne-causing bacteria without drying your skin.
2. Get Some Sun
While spending too much time in the sun might be dangerous, a little sunshine from time to time can be beneficial. The sun’s UV rays can help to destroy acne-causing bacteria. However, before getting out into the sun, make sure to apply a SPF product.
3. Incorporate Probiotics
Probiotic products can help the body reduce the level of acne-causing bacteria. You might even ingest some probiotic for additional effects.
4. Wash Your Face With Cold Water
Using cold water to wash your face regularly can help unclog your skin pores as well as reduce skin inflammation.
5. Avoid heavy makeup
Use light makeup to prevent clogged skin pores and always wash your make up off before going to bed.